Surgical Tourniquet Technology Adapted for Military and Prehospital Use. James A. McEwen, PhD, PEng; Kevin Inkpen, MASc. MP-HM-109-P-19.

EMT Press Release March 15, 2005 Delfi Medical announces that it is increasing production capacity of its Emergency and Military Tourniquet (EMT) in response to recent strong interest from the US Department of Defense.

Alastair S.E. Younger, M.B., Ch.B., F.R.C.S.C.; Timothy P. Kalla, D.P.M., F.A.C.F.A.S.; James A McEwen, Ph.D., P.Eng.; Kevin Inkpen, M.E.Sc. “Survey of tourniquet use in orthopedic foot and ankle surgery.” Foot & Ankle International 26(3)(Mar 2005):208 – 17

“Wide contoured thigh cuffs and automated limb occlusion measurement allow lower tourniquet pressures.” Alastair S.E. Younger, MB, ChB, FRCSC; James A. McEwen, PhD, PEng; and Kevin Inkpen, MASc. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research Number 428, (Nov 2004): 286-293.

“Thigh tourniquet safety.” James A. McEwen Ph.D., P.Eng., Kevin Inkpen M.A.Sc., Alastair Younger MB ChB, FRCSC. The Surgical Technologist 34(7) (Jul 2002): 9-18.

“Thigh tourniquet safety: preventing skin injuries.” James A. McEwen Ph.D., P.Eng., Kevin Inkpen M.A.Sc. The Surgical Technologist 34(8) (Aug 2002): 6-15.

“Tourniquet safety in lower leg applications: limb occlusion pressure measurement and wide contoured cuff use allows lower cuff pressure.” James A. McEwen PhD PEng, Deborah L. Kelly RN, CNOR, Theda Jardanowski RN, BSN, Kevin Inkpen MASc. Orthopaedic Nursing 21(5) (Sep/ Oct 2002): 55-62.

“Pediatric tourniquets: analysis of cuff/limb interface, current practice, and guideline for use” Tredwell SJ, Wilmink M, Inkpen K, and McEwen J: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics 21(5)(Sep/Oct 2001): 671-6.

Henderson CL, Warriner CB, McEwen JA, Merrick PM. “A North American survey of intravenous regional anesthesia.” Anesth Analg 85(4)(Oct 1997):858 – 63

R.W. McGraw, J.A. McEwen. “Unsatisfactory results in hand surgery.” The Hand and Upper Limb (3)(1987): 4 – 13

“Tourniquet pressures on pediatric patients: A clinical study” Lieberman JR, Staheli LT, Dales MC: Orthopedics 20(12)(Dec 1997): 1143-7.

“The use of lower tourniquet inflation pressures in extremity surgery facilitated by curved and wide tourniquets and an integrated cuff inflation system” Pedowitz RA, Gershuni DH, Botte MJ, Kuiper S, Rydevik BL, Hargens AR., Department of Orthopaedics, University of California, San Diego: Clin Orthop 1993 Feb;(287):237-44

“Occlusion of arterial flow in the extremities at subsystolic pressures through the use of wide tourniquet cuffs” Graham B, Breault MJ, McEwen JA, McGraw RW, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of British Columbia, Vancouver Canada: Clin Orthop 1993 Jan;(286):257-61

“Wide tourniquets eliminate blood flow at low inflation pressures” Moore MR, Garfin SR, Hargens AR. Division of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, University of California, San Diego: J Hand Surg [Am] 1987 Nov;12(6):1006-11